What Cataracts Are – And Why You Get Them

The cataract definition can be stated as an eye condition that makes the vision deteriorates due to the clouding of the lens of an eye. The condition may interfere daily activities like driving, reading, and figuring images, especially at night time. This eye disease is the cause of total vision loss of half of the blindness cases and 33% of those who have impaired vision throughout the globe.

Cataracts demonstrate symptoms like blurry vision, seeing halos around the source of light, faded colors and yellow vision, troubled-looking glaring lights, an occurrence of double vision in the single eye, and frequent changes in prescriptions of eyeglasses.

Diagnosing the disease can be done through an eye examination. An alternative to improve vision is through wearing eyeglasses but if it does not help, the doctor may recommend a surgery. During surgery, the cloudy lens is being removed and replaced with an artificial lens. Eye surgery is aimed to improve vision and life as a whole. However, cataract surgery may not be available in all countries.

How do cataracts develop?
Cataracts are formed in the lens wherein the iris of the eye is being located. The lens in our eyes has a role of focusing lights to the retina, producing clear images. Retina functions like a camera film which is very sensitive to light.

Age makes the lens in our eyes to become less thick, less transparent, and less adaptable. So when the breakdown of the tissues happens, clouding of the lens starts to form. When the development continues, a larger part of the lens is covered by these clustered proteins, therefore, making your vision more blurred.

Cataract has the chance of developing in both eyes but they don’t occur at the same time. As a result, the eyes may have different progression of cataract, thus, it will have different clarity in vision.

Factors that increase the possibility of having cataracts…

  • Smoking
  • Being overweight
  • A trauma in the eye or injury
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Extended use of medications of steroid
  • A recent eye surgery
  • Prolonged exposure to sunlight causing UV radiation to penetrate into the eyes
  • Aging
  • High blood pressure
  • Inadequate intake of vitamin c
  • Diseases of skin
  • Diabetes
  • Radiation from chemotherapy and cancer treatment

How to prevent cataracts?
Have frequent eye examinations when suspecting cataracts. It is better to know the facts and  cataract definition to prevent the disease from progressing

  • Eat plenty of Vitamin A rich food
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohols
  • Wear a UVB and UVA sunglasses
  • Manage and follow treatment plan of present health conditions